I use two browsers in my daily life: Chromium for work-related stuff and Firefox for everything else. This helps me to keep a strict separation between these two worlds, including: logins, bookmarks, history, settings (e.g. proxy, synchronization), etc. Let’s see how to make a default browser switch automatically to the correct one.
Note: You could probably do the same using profiles, but for me, it is much easier to just have two completely independent browsers
To set the default browser (Firefox in this case) on a user-level, you need to execute two commands:
The first one tells your Desktop Environment to use the new default. However, to my testing, this is not always enough. We need to update
~/.config/mimeapps.list file as well and that is what the second command is for.
🔗Automation with systemd
This is all nice and simple, but our goal is to stop thinking when to do the switch, so we should automate this. Cron is not a good choice for this: our computer might be down. There is also at utility, but I am unsure if it will execute commands after boot if the time is missed. We will rely on systemd for this.
First, let’s create one-shot “services” with our commands. We can do this on a user-level:
[Unit] Set Firefox as the default browser [Service] /usr/bin/xdg-settings set default-web-browser firefox.desktop /usr/bin/xdg-mime default firefox.desktop x-scheme-handler/http x-scheme-handler/https oneshot
[Unit] Set Chromium as the default browser [Service] /usr/bin/xdg-settings set default-web-browser chromium.desktop /usr/bin/xdg-mime default chromium.desktop x-scheme-handler/http x-scheme-handler/https oneshot
Now we need to create corresponding timers:
[Unit] Set Firefox as default browser in the evenings [Timer] *-*-* 18:00:00 true [Install] timers.target
[Unit] Set Chromium as default browser on workdays [Timer] Mon-Fri *-*-* 06:00:00 true [Install] timers.target
All we need to do now is to enable and start these timers:
We can check if they are scheduled correctly:
Hint When going on vacation you can just disable one of the timers:
systemctl disable --user set-browser-chromium.timer